The rule utilitarian approach to morality can be illustrated by considering the rules of the road.
If we are devising a code for drivers, we can adopt either open-ended rules like “drive safely” or specific rules like “stop at red lights,” “do not travel more than 30 miles per hour in residential areas,” “do not drive when drunk,” etc. Utilitarian school of thought suggests that our actions and morals are based upon the notion of greatest good. 5 Terms. Log in Sign up. The Utilitarian Approach assesses an action in terms of its consequences or outcomes; i.e., the net benefits and costs to all stakeholders on an individual level. From a utilitarian standpoint, it seems like killing one to save two is the correct choice.
maggie1088. Or, on a different scale, sacrificing 10,000 lives to save 20,000, or 20,000 to save 100,000. chapter 7 utilitarian approach. Utilitarianism is a family of consequentialist ethical theories that promotes actions that maximize happiness and well-being for the affected individuals. A utilitarian approach to doing things means purely practical approach,concerned only with functional elements of the situation or subject.In common usage,utilitarian can either be a positive or a negative qualifier to a description. According to this school of thought, any action which can bring highest good to the highest number of people should be considered as moral and ethical regardless of the actual outcome of the action. It strives to achieve the greatest good for the greatest number while creating the least amount of harm or preventing the greatest amount of suffering. Although different varieties of utilitarianism admit different characterizations, the basic idea behind all of them is to in some sense maximize utility, which is often defined in terms of well-being or related concepts. Learn Utilitarian approach with free interactive flashcards. Example of Utilitarian The word 'utilitarian' literally means 'use-based'.
In his utilitarian approach to abortion, Bentham would use the hedonic calculus which he designed to weigh up the pain and pleasure generated by the available moral actions to find the best option. 2.2 Utilitarian Ethics Utilitarian ethics is a normative ethical system that is primarily concerned with the consequences of ethical decisions; therefore it can be described as a teleological theory or consequentialist theory, which are essentially the same thing, both having a notion that the consequence of the act is the most important determinant of the act being moral or not. It is potentially essential in relation to abortion because it determines whether it is intrinsically right or wrong, based on seven factors. Choose from 22 different sets of Utilitarian approach flashcards on Quizlet. Utilitarianism is all about promoting the "greatest amount of good," and this sometimes means choosing the least bad of several bad options.