5 DataBank Microdata Data Catalog. Routinely-collected hospital surveillance data from southern Papua, Indonesia, were used to assess the risk of recurrent malaria and mortality within 12 months of an initial … In southern Papua, Indonesia, malaria is highly prevalent in young children and is a significant cause of morbidity and early mortality. With a mortality rate of 12.144 deaths per 1,000 people, Lesotho has the fourth-highest mortality rate in the world. According to the CDC, the life expectancy at birth in Lesotho are 56 years for females and 52 years for males. Mozambique recorded a malaria mortality rate of 42.75 (per 100,000). Malaria is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by infection with Plasmodium protozoa transmitted by an infective female Anopheles mosquito. 4 The health facility case fatality rate among children under five years of age declined from 14 percent in 2000 to less than half a percent in 2016. The United Nation’s sustainable development goal for 2030 is to eradicate the global malaria epidemic, primarily as the disease continues to be one of the major concerns for public health in sub-Saharan Africa. 3 Malaria under 5 years’ case fatality rate declined from 15% to 11% from 2010 to 2016.
Despite this considerable progress, improving child survival remains a matter of urgent concern.
Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk) Close. Menu.
In 2017, approximately 266,000 children under the age of 5 died of the disease, accounting for 61 per cent of global malaria deaths. Malaria is the world’s third most deadly disease for young children between the ages of one month and 5 years, following pneumonia and diarrhoea. The infant mortality rate is 59 per 1,000 live births.
Malaria mortality in human populations varies greatly under different circumstances. Browse by Country or Indicator. In 2015, the region accounted for 90% of malaria deaths. Plasmodium falciparum infection carries a poor prognosis with a high mortality if untreated, but it has an excellent prognosis if diagnosed early and treated appropriately. The global under-five mortality rate declined by 59 per cent, from 93 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 39 in 2018. The intense malaria transmission conditions found in many parts of tropical Africa, the much lower malaria inoculation rates currently sustained in areas of southern Asia, and the epidemic outbreaks of malaria occasionally seen on both continents, present highly contrasting patterns of malaria-related mortality. The association between malaria and delayed mortality is unknown. Malaria-attributable mortality has declined significantly from 19% (2010) to 4.2% (2016).
In 2018 alone, roughly 15,000 under-five deaths occurred every day, an intolerably high number of largely preventable child deaths.
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